The coronavirus is spreading, there is no cure and no vaccine, there are not enough test kits yet available, the markets are reeling, and Congress itself -- which is always tempted to legislate the country out of a jam -- is at risk, because its members work in a building with a conveyor belt of guests.
The healthcare concerns of the group
Major Components of Health Care
Coronavirus Disease 2019, now officially named COVID-19, is anticipated to be a large global health threat. The outbreak continues to evolve, and poses significant challenges for the public health, research, and medical communities.
The Coronavirus outbreak originating in Wuhan has about 20% severe cases and 2% deaths. A typical incubation period is 3 days but it may extend to 14 days, and reports exist of 24 and 27 days. It is highly contagious with an increase from day to day of 50% in new cases (infection rate R0 of about 3-4) unless extraordinary interventions are made. If it becomes a widespread pandemic or endemic it will change the lives of everyone in the world. It is imperative to act to confine and stop the outbreak and not accept its spread. We provide these guidelines for individual, community and government action.
How people in this group use healthcare
Since the first confirmed case of a new, virulent strain of the coronavirus in December in Wuhan, China, the disease has spread to more than 100 countries and territories. As of March 7, 2020, there are 105,946 confirmed cases and 3,569 deaths. These numbers are still increasing.
Vision for Healthy Adults and Children
Basic cost for health care services, treatments and support services are covered fully. In addition where appropriate lifestyle related interventions, screening and prevention activity are also covered.
The coverage is universal and not dependent on the condition, stage of life or ability to pay. Current arrangements through Medicare, the VA or other insurers will continue to provide services. Easy to use tools to most effectively choose health coverage plan. Prevention and early diagnosis is fully covered under his health plan. Additionally lifestyle improvements are also covered. Supplemental insurance may be purchased. Plans may compete of riders for additional services. Employers may also provide additional services
The healthy person selects his provider for prevention utilizing a Primary Care physician, local pharmacy, or certified health club. The person has a primary care doctor who will coordinate their care and provide resources for health lifestyle, screening and preventive activity. There are community resources available for various healthy activities. Public web sites and other media services as well as social organizations promote Optimal Care. Certified health clubs provide more specialized services. Equal access to health care services; equal access to healthy lifestyle choices, health education, and maintenance; opportunities tailored to situation. Administrative needs are minimal.
Patient Centered (No Helplessness or Unjustified Routines): Care is patient centric and is provided with dignity, cultural sensitivity and respect for the person. Information is provided in age and education level appropriate manner. Informed and shared decisions reflecting parents’ values (constrained by legal limits).
Safe (No Harm): Care that is provided will be safe from errors. This will be of particular importance regarding immunizations and programs for physical activity. Minimal and known risk from false positive or false negative screenings.
Effective (No Needless Failures): Specific outcomes will be measures and adjustment in the services made. Recommendations from national agencies and groups will be followed.
Efficient (No Waste): For brief acute episodes, diagnosis is made and care provided in timely efficient manner. For immunizations particularly for children, a plan is formulated according to an informed dialogue with the person or their legal representatives. Government and professional association guidelines are readily available and are transparent. Regulatory agencies oversee quality of services, and advertising to consumers.
Timely (No Needless Delays): Evaluation and treatment for brief acute episode is available promptly. Convenient and responsive scheduling, no waiting for health care services; immediate access to results of tests; immediate access to clinical guidance and other information; timely education and support;
Equitable (No Unjustified Variation): Preventive services are provided universally with no bias due to personal characteristics. Regulatory agencies oversee quality of services, and advertising to consumers.
Coordination of Care (Social Determinants):
Care is patient centric and revolves around the patient (person who is frail) and their doctor (clinician). Public health services that have provisions for early identification of community trends. Education regarding risk factors and practical ways to avoid them. For identified problem and secondary prevention, care is coordinated regionally, through medical records, supported by privacy provisions.
Innovation (Public Reporting and Transparency:
The goal of innovation is to improve quality of the person thorough achieving and maintaining optimal function. Personalized medicine, identified early susceptibility based on genetics, technological tools to assure compliance with treatments and ability to monitor response to interventions. Utilization of personal medical records that can automatically provide reminders of needed screening, immunizations and monitoring response. A personal record of treatments for acute episodes including medications and side effects that is paper or electronic based. Advance care plans available for those interested. Access to information about treatment options is available in language and level of education of the person. Secure message capability.
Acute Illness by the Numbers
As of March 9, 2020, there are 109,577 confirmed cases and 3,809 deaths
Number of Americans in this group:
Total costs for healthcare services for each person in this group:
The healthcare goals for people in this group
Staying healthy and flourishing
The healthcare concerns of individuals in this group
Staying healthy and having a long life through prevention of accidents, healthy lifestyle and preventable illness, recognition and treatment of disease at an early stages
Mr. Smith, a 37-year-old carpenter, usually books an appointment with his primary care physician each year around his birthday for an annual checkup and necessary screenings. He also may contact his physician’s office for acute, self-limiting problems such as a sore throat.
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